Ontario Cannabis Lottery Disqualifications on the Rise

Ontario’s second round cannabis retail lottery was held on August 20. The 42 winners won the opportunity to apply for a licence to operate a cannabis retail store in Ontario.

While the first lottery for 25 licences held in January was characterized by a gold rush mentality with 17,300 participants, the second round lottery participants faced prequalification requirements that created challenges of their own. For example, more than a week before the lottery window opened on August 7, the few banks that had been willing to provide the required comfort letters (essentially confirming that applicants had $300,000 available) stopped doing so. The banks, including the go-to Ontario cannabis credit union, started turning customers away after being inundated with requests. This prevented some otherwise qualified individuals and organizations from being able to participate in the lottery. Some participants also faced landlords who exploited the requirement that applicants secure a store premises prior to entering the lottery.

This was followed by the discovery that certain retail brands had coordinated dozens or more lottery participants to submit applications for the same store premises – though multiple lottery participants using the same location was not, by itself, a breach of the lottery rules.

Now, according to the AGCO website, 18 of the 42 second round lottery winners have been disqualified from the application process by the AGCO and one winner has withdrawn. Of the 18, 12 were disqualified for failing to submit all required application documents within the prescribed period after the lottery. In a surely fatal blow to the already much-maligned Ontario cannabis lottery process, 11 of the 12 have now initiated legal action against the AGCO, claiming that the AGCO failed to follow its own rules by delivering late notice of the lottery win. Until the matter can be determined, the Ontario court has ordered a stay, preventing the AGCO from issuing any licences for two weeks. (Although it’s unlikely any licences would have been issued in such short time in any event.)

The other six of 18 disqualified applicants were eliminated for breach of the lottery rule that dictated the pre-qualification requirements for entering the lottery in the first place. Though we don’t know the specific causes, the fact that these winners are being disqualified only after the lottery for reasons relating to pre-qualification requirements is telling.

At this point, it’s unlikely the Ontario government will have the stomach for a third lottery, but let’s hope the Ontario Cannabis Retail Corporation and federal cannabis producers get their cannabis supply chain act together soon so Ontario consumers and would-be cannabis retail participants alike can avoid any risk of having to suffer through another lottery.

Jeremy Burke, Aird & Berlis

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